At the Asher-Solomon Centre for Development, we embrace the uniqueness of each child. Our team of Paediatric Speech and Language therapists enjoy working on developing highly individualized and targeted treatment programmes to help each child excel. The Asher-Solomon therapists also work in partnership with parents, teachers and other members of the community to support the child to transfer their therapy gains into their everyday life.

What is Speech and Language?

Speech is how we say it, language is what we say.
Speech is the oral/verbal way we communicate. It is the sounds and linguistic units (syllables, words) we produce. Speech is used as a primary source of communication but is not necessarily the only means of communication.

Language is the way we utilise speech to create meaning. Language development occurs through care giver input, social interaction, play and cognitive development. Children are biologically equipped to acquire language but it does require active learning and support from others. A language deficit can have a serious effect on a child’s social, educational and future vocational opportunities.

Language aquisition takes place in early childhood. The visual below outlines the typically speech and language milestones.

Early Childhood Milestone Map

Each child develops at his/her own space, so it may be difficult to tell exactly when yours will learn a given skill. These developmental milestones are designed to give you a general idea of the changes you can expect as your child grows.

By 3 to 4
Months

  • Watches faces with interest and follows moving objects
  • Recognizes familiar objects and people, smiles at the sound of your voice
  • Begins to develop a social smile
  • Turns head toward sounds

By 7 Months

  • Responds to other people’s emotions
  • Enjoys face-to-face play; can find partially hidden objects
  • Explores with hands and mouth & struggles for out of reach objects
  • Uses voice to express joy and displeasure; babbles chains of sounds

By 12 Months
(1 Year)

  • Enjoys imitating people; tries to imitate sounds
  • Enjoys simple social games, such as “gonna get you”
  • Explore objects; finds hidden objects
  • Responds to “no”; uses simple gestures, such as pointing to an object
  • Babbles with changes in tone; may use single words (”dada,” “mama,” “Uh-oh!”)
  • Turns to person speaking when his/her name is called

By 2 Years

  • Imitates behaviour of others; is excited about company of other children
  • Understands several words
  • Finds deeply hidden objects; points to name pictures and objects
  • Begins to sort by shapes and colors; begins simple make-believe play
  • Recognizes names of familiar people and objects; follows simple instructions
  • Combines 2 words to communicated with others, such as “More cookie?”

By 3 Years

  • Expresses affection openly and has a wide range of emotions
  • Makes mechanical boys work; plays make-believe
  • Sorts objects by shape and color; matches objects to pictures
  • Follows a 2 – or – 3 part command; uses simple phrases to communication with others, such as “go outside, swing?”
  • Uses pronounces (I, you, me) and some plurals (cars, dogs)

By 4 Years

  • Cooperate with other children is increasingly inventive in fantasy play
  • Names some colors; understand counting
  • Speaks in sentences of 5 to 6 words
  • Tells stories; speaks clearly enough for strangers to understand
  • Follows 3-part commands; understands “same” and “different”

By 5 Years

  • Wants to be like his/her friends; likes to sing, dance, and act
  • Is able to distinguish fantasy from reality
  • Shows increased independence
  • Can count 10 or more objects and correctly name at least 4 colors
  • Speaks in sentences of more than 5 words; tells longer stories

What is Speech and Language Therapy?

Paediatric speech and language therapy focuses on the assessment and management of all aspects of communication including pragmatics (social communication), receptive language (what we understand) and expressive language (the words and utterances we produce), voice, the articulation of speech sounds and fluency. Speech and language therapy aims to assist children to communicate their wants and needs, develop enjoyable relationships with others and participate in society socially, academically and professionally.

Paediatric speech and language therapy is child centred. This means that each child’s unique interests are identified and used to engage them in therapy activities.

Paediatric speech and language therapists are allied health professionals who design these child-centred intervention programmes. They specialise in working with children and therefore have advanced knowledge of child development.

Why are children referred to Speech and Language Therapy?

Children are usually referred to speech and language therapy following observations from parents, teachers and healthcare professionals. Children may be observed to be experiencing difficulties in a skill which impacts their ability to express themselves or understand others as expected for their age or peer group. Some common reasons for referral include:

  • Difficulty answering questions, telling stories or expressing his or herself
  • Speech that is difficulty to understand
  • Stuttering/stammering
  • Limited use of words/ language
  • Difficulty socializing or making friends (may appear quiet and/or make minimal attempts to initiate communication)
  • The need for Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC) devices
  • Limited vocabulary and grammar development
  • Difficulty with literacy and reading
  • Difficulty following instructions and/or understanding what is said to her/him
  • A voice that sounds unclear, nasal or husky

To find out about the assessment process that takes place before commencing therapy, click here

Asher-Solomon Speech and Language Therapy Services

Based on the recommendations of your therapist, therapy may be delivered in individual sessions or in group sessions. Asher-Solomon speech and language therapists will provide feedback at the end of each session regarding activities, your child’s performance and practice activities or strategies to be completed at home to support therapy goals. Therapists also provide parents with opportunities to observe or participate in therapy sessions, particularly to demonstrate home programs or to model strategies.

Speech and Language Therapy interventions at Asher-Solomon that can help your child may include:

  • Articulation skills/speech intelligibility
  • Expressive language skills
  • Receptive language/listening skills
  • Fluency/stuttering
  • Voice and resonanc
  • Social/pragmatic language
  • Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)
  • Educating and Empowering YOU on how to best help your child

At Asher-Solomon, our treatment programmes are tailored to take into account the child’s developmental stage, their evolving roles when playing and learning, as well as their own personal interests. We look at the diverse environments a child’s roles occur in and aim to improve their functioning across these environments , including home, school and the community.

The transference of skills learned in therapy into everyday tasks, is promoted by Asher-Solomon through ongoing communication between the family, the classroom teacher and the therapist.

The therapist will continually monitor the child’s progress towards achieving their intervention goals. The therapist will communicate this progress to parents at the end of each session or at regular review meetings.

Additional Consultation Services

Asher-Solomon therapists offer additional consultation services to support your child’s needs in different environments. These include:

Classroom Consultations
Your Asher-Solomon therapist can visit your child’s school to work with them and work with teachers to address any issues that may be occurring in the classroom.

Home Consultations
Your Asher-Solomon therapist can visit your home to carry out observations, conduct therapy and work with you to address any issues that may be occurring in your home environment.

We believe that the key to any therapy is to challenge the child in a supportive and nurturing environment.  We want your child to be successful and realise their potential while having fun!

For a consultation with one of our therapists or for further information about our services, please contact us at
+65 6715 5836 or drop us an email